Sunday, October 21, 2012

Q: What are France's most remarkable contributions to the modern world?

How about:
  • Aviation (Montgolfier brothers, Robert brothers)
  • Moving pictures (co-invented by the Lumière brothers)
  • Electromagnetism (many contributions by Coulomb and Ampère)
  • Photography (co-invented by Niépce, also Daguerre)
  • Pedal-driven bicycle (Pierre Michaux, Pierre Lallement, and the Olivier brothers)
  • Inflatable automobile tires (Michelin)
  • Stethoscope (Laennec)
  • Gyroscope (Foucault)
  • Fresnel lens (Fresnel)
  • Calculator, probability, and much mathematics (Pascal, Fermat)
  • Galois theory (Galois)
  • Chaos theory, much mathematics (Poincaré)
  • Wavelets (Mallat, Meyer) and fractals (arguably Mandelbrot)
  • Baudot code and "baud" rate (Baudot)
  • Aqualung/SCUBA (Gagnan, Cousteau)
  • Fourier transform (Fourier)
  • Much music (Ravel, Debussy, Bizet, Saint-Saëns, Berlioz, Stravinsky, arguably Chopin)
  • Much, much art (Monet, Renoir, Cezanne, Seurat, Degas, Gauguin, Caillebotte, Rodin, Pissarro, Signac, arguably van Gogh)
  • More here:

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